The low penetration of automatic movements in this category of watches, judgmentally is driven by the psychological price threshold. In fact, the bulk of the sales of 24 hour watches seems to be on the lower end of the price range hence the reason for the adoption of quartz movements. Even the most successful brands such as Slow Watches tried to introduce an automatic version (based on ETA 2893) and did not succeed. In other words, customers lead the choice and in this case their willingness not to spend too much for a 24 hour watch ultimately lead to the choice for quartz movements.
There are other movements that can be used to build a 24 hour watch. Some can be used straight away, others might need to be slightly modified. The above are only the movements used in the most common 24 hour watches.
Summarizing, the main differentiator for the 24 hour watches is definitely not the movement but rather the design and the other features. We did look alto into those differences and built a quiz that can help you identifying the model that best suits your desires and needs. You will probably not find the perfect match hence the quiz will advise the three models that get closer to your ideal 24 hour watch.